Start Finish Date of Conflict Victorious Party (if applicable) Defeated Party (if applicable)
925 BC Battle of Bitter Lakes Egypt Kingdom of Judah
c.925 BC Sack of Jerusalem Egypt Kingdom of Judah
854 BC 842 BC Assyrian Conquest of Syria Assyria Syria
743 BC 724 BC First Messenian War Sparta Messenia
734 BC 732 BC Assyrian invasion of Palestine Assyria

Kingdom of Israel

Damascus

721 BC Siege of Jerusalem Kingdom of Judah Assyria
710 BC 650 BC Lelantine War Chalcis and allies Eretria and allies
707 BC Battle of Ruge Zhou Dynasty Zheng
701 BC Siege of Lachish Assyria Kingdom of Judah
701 BC Sennacherib's campaigns in the Near East Assyria

Kingdom of Judah

Nubian Empire

693 BC Battle of Diyala River Assyria

Elamites

Babylonia

Ellipi

691 BC Battle of Halule

Rebel forces

  • Babylonians
  • Chaldeans
  • Aramaeans
  • Babylonia
  • Elamites
  • Zagros tribes
  • Persians

(indecisive)

Assyria

(indecisive)

685 BC 668 BC Second Messenian War

Sparta

Corinth

Lepreo

Cretan mercenaries

Messenia

Arcadia

Sicyon

Elis

Argos

c.669 BC Battle of Hysiae Argos Lacedaemonians
652 BC Battle of Ulai Assyria Elamites
647 BC Battle of Susa Assyria Elamites
639 BC Fall of Elam Assyria Elamites
635 BC Fall of Ashdod Egypt Assyria
632 BC

Battle of Chengpu

part of Wars of Chinese Spring and Autumn Period

States of Jin, Qi, Qin, Song

States of Chu, Chen, Cai, Shen, Xi
616 BC Battle of Arrapha Babylonians Assyria
614 BC Fall of Assur

Babylonians

Medes

Assyria
612 BC Fall of Nineveh

Medes and allies

Scythia

Babylonians

Susa

Assyria
609 BC Battle of Megiddo Egypt Kingdom of Judah
608 BC Fall of Harran

Babylonians

Medes

Assyria
c.605 BC Battle of Carchemish Babylonians Egypt (part of the army of the former Assyria)
c.605 BC Battle of Hama Babylonians Egypt
600 BC 265 BC Greek-Punic Wars

Carthage

(indecisive)

Greek city-states of Magna Graecia, led by Syracuse

(indecisive)

597 BC Siege of Jerusalem Babylonians Kingdom of Judah
597 BC Battle of Bi Chu Jin
589 BC Battle of An Jin Qi
587 BC Siege of Jerusalem Babylonians Kingdom of Judah
585 BC Battle of Halys Medes Lydia
575 BC Battle of Yanling Jin Chu
552 BC 550 BC Persian Revolt Persis Median Empire
550 BC Battle of the Fetters Arcadia Sparta
547 BC Battle of Pteria

Achaemenid Empire

(strategic victory, tactical stalemate)

Lydian Empire

Babylonian mercenaries

Arabian mercenaries

(tactical stalemate)

547 BC Battle of Thymbria Achaemenid Empire

Lydian Empire

Arabian mercenaries

Babylonian mercenaries

Egyptian mercenaries

547 BC Siege of Sardis Achaemenid Empire Lydian Empire
545 BC Battle of the 300 Champions Sparta Argos

c.540 BC

or

c.535 BC

Battle of Alalia

Greek Phocaean Colonies of Massalia and Alalia

(tactical victory)

Carthage

Etruscans

(strategic victory)

539 BC Fall of Babylon Achaemenid Empire Babylonia
539 BC Battle of Opis Achaemenid Empire Neo-Babylonian Empire
525 BC Battle of Pelusium

Achaemenid Empire

Arabian allies

Defected Greek mercenaries

Kingdom of Egypt

Carian mercenaries

Ionian mercenaries

509 BC Siege of Rome Roman Republic Roman monarchy
509 BC Battle of Silva Arsia Roman Republic

Tarquinii

Veii

508 BC Siege of Rome

Roman Republic

(peace treaty)

Clusium

(peace treaty)

508 BC War between Clusium and Aricia

Aricia

Cumae

Latin League

Clusium
506 BC Battle of Boju Wu, Cai, Tang Chu
502 BC 449 BC Greco-Persian Wars Greek city-states including Athens and Sparta Achaemenid Empire
499 BC 493 BC

Ionian Revolt

part of Greco-Persian Wars

Achaemenid Empire Inonia, Aeolis, Doris, Caria, Athens, Eretria, Cyprus
c.496 BC Battle of Lake Regillus Roman Republic Latin League
494 BC Battle of Sepeia Sparta Argos
492 BC 490 BC

First Persian invasion of Greece

part of Greco-Persian Wars

Greek city-states including Athens and Eretria Achaemenid Empire
480 BC 479 BC

Second Persian invasion of Greece

part of Greco-Persian Wars

Greek city-states led by Athens and Sparta Achaemenid Empire
480 BC

First Sicilian War

part of Greek-Punic Wars

Syracuse Carthage
478 BC Battle of Lize Yue Wu
477 BC Battle of the Cremera Veii Roman Republic
477 BC 449 BC Wars of the Delian League Delian League Achaemenid Empire and allies
474 BC Battle of Cumae

Syracuse

Cumae

Etruscans
c.458 BC Battle of Mons Algidus Roman Republic Aequi
453 BC Battle of Jinyang

Zhao

Wei (453 BC)

Han (453 BC)

Zhi

Wei (until 453 BC)

Han (until 453 BC)

447 BC Battle of Coronea Boeotian city-states Delian League
446 BC Battle of Corbione Roman Republic

Aequi

Volsci

435 BC Capture of Fidenae Roman Republic Veii
433 BC Battle of Sybota

Corcyra, Athens

(indecisive)

Corinth

(indecisive)

431 BC 404 BC Peloponnesian War Peloponnesian War (led by Sparta) Delian League (led by Athens)
428 BC 427 BC

Mytilenean Revolt

part of Peloponnesian War

Athens

Methymna

Tenedos

Mytilene and other cities on Lesbos

weakly supported by

  • Sparta
  • Peloponnesian League
417 BC Battle of Hysiae Sparta Argos
410 BC 340 BC

Second Sicilian War

part of Greek-Punic Wars

Syracuse Carthage
c.404 BC Phyle Campaign Athenian exiles Sparta
401 BC Battle of Cunaxa

Achaemenid Empire

(tactical stalemate, strategic victory)

Cyrus the Younger

Greek mercenaries

(tactical stalemate)

399 BC 394 BC War of the Spartans against Persia ? ?
c.396 BC Battle of Veii Roman Republic Veii
395 BC 387 BC Corinthian War

Sparta

Peloponnesian League

Athens

Argos

Corinth

Thebes

Achaemenid Empire

other allies

390 BC Battle of Allia Gauls Roman Republic
389 BC Battle of the Elleporus Syracuse Italiote League
386 BC Siege of Rhegium Syracuse Rhegium
379 BC 373 BC Boeotian War

Boeotian League (Thebes)

Athens

Sparta
376 BC Battle of Tegyra Thebes Sparta
372 BC 362 BC Revolt of the Satraps Achaemenid Empire Rebel satrapies
371 BC Battle of Leuctra Boeotian League (Thebes) Sparta
364 BC Battle of Cynoscephalae

Thebes

(indecisive)

Thessaly

(indecisive)

362 BC Battle of Mantinea

Thebes

Arcadia

Boeotian League

Sparta

Athens

Elis

Mantinea League

358 BC 336 BC Wars of the Rise of Macedon Macedonian forces Rival kingdoms
357 BC 355 BC Social War of 357-355 BC Athens and its Second Athenian Empire

Chios

Rhodes

Kos

Byzantion

356 BC 346 BC Third Sacred War Amphityonic League, represented by Thebes, Boeotia, Thessaly, Locris, Doris, Macedon

Phocis, Pherae, Athens, Sparta

354 BC 353 BC Battle of Guiling Qi, Zhao Wei
343 BC 341 BC First Samnite War Roman Republic Samnium
342 BC Battle of Maling Qi Wei
340 BC 338 BC Latin War Roman Republic Latin League
339 BC Battle of Trifanum Roman Republic Latins
336 BC 323 BC Wars of Alexander the Great Alexander's forces

Persia

--- --- --- --- --- ---

Indian forces

335 BC Battle of Thebes

Macedon

Greek allies

Thebes
331 BC Battle of Pandosia

Samnites

Lucanians

Bruttii

Epirus

Macedon

Tarentum

331 BC Battle of Megalopolis Macedon Sparta
327 BC Capture of Neapolis Samnium Roman Republic
327 BC 304 BC Second Samnite War Roman Republic Samnium
323 BC 322 BC Lamian War Macedon

Athens

Aetolian League

Achaean League

Arcadians

Corinth

322 BC 275 BC Wars of the Diadochi Alexander's former generals N/A
322 BC 320 BC

First War of the Diadochi

part of Wars of the Diadochi

? ?
319 BC 315 BC

Second War of the Diadochi

part of Wars of the Diadochi

Cassander's faction Polyperchon's faction
315 BC 307 BC

Third Sicilian War

part of Greek-Punic Wars

Carthage Syracuse
314 BC 311 BC

Third War of the Diadochi

part of Wars of the Diadochi

? ?
c.310 BC 303 BC Chandragupta's Wars Mauryan Defenders
308 BC 301 BC

Fourth War of the Diadochi

part of Wars of the Diadochi

? ?
298 BC 290 BC Third Samnite War Roman Republic Samnium
293 BC Battle of Yique Qin Wei, Han
284 BC Battle of Arretium Senones Roman Republic
283 BC Battle of Lake Vadimo Roman Republic

Etruscans

Gauls

282 BC Battle of Populonia Roman Republic Etruscans
280 BC 275 BC Pyrrhic War

Roman Republic

Carthage

Epirus

Magna Graecia

Samnium

274 BC 271 BC First Syrian War Ptolemaic Kingdom Seleucid Empire
267 BC 261 BC Chremonidian War Macedon

Greek city-states, notably Athens and Sparta

Ptolemaic Kingdom

264 BC 241 BC First Punic War Roman Republic Carthage
262 BC 261 BC Kalinga War Maurya Empire Kalinga
260 BC 255 BC Second Syrian War

Seleucid Empire

Macedon

Ptolemaic Kingdom
245 BC 241 BC Third Syrian War Ptolemaic Kingdom Seleucid Empire
240 BC 238 BC Mercenary War Carthage Carthage's mercenary army of the First Punic War
239 BC First Battle of Ballyboghill Roman Republic Carthage
238 BC Parni conquest of Parthia Parni Kingdom of Parthia
229 BC 228 BC First Illyria War Roman Republic Illyria
c.229 BC 222 BC Cleomenean War

Achaean League

Macedon

Sparta

Elis

225 BC Battle of Faesulae Gauls Roman Republic
225 BC Battle of Telamon Roman Republic Gauls
222 BC Battle of Clastidium Roman Republic Gauls
220 BC 219 BC Second Illyria War Roman Republic Illyria
220 BC 217 BC Social War of 220-217 BC

Macedon

(indecisive)

Aetolian League

Sparta

Elis

(indecisive)

219 BC 217 BC Fourth Syrian War

Ptolemaic Kingdom

--- --- --- --- --- ---

Greco-Bactrian Kingdom

Seleucid Empire
219 BC 201 BC Second Punic War

Roman Republic

Aetolian League

Pergamon

Numidia

Carthage

Syracuse

Macedon

214 BC 205 BC

First Macedonian War

part of Second Punic War

Roman Republic

Aetolian League

Pergamon

Sparta

Elis

Messenia

Macedon

Achaean League

209 BC 88 BC Seleucid-Parthian Wars Parthian Empire Seleucid Empire
208 BC Battle of the Arius Seleucid Empire Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
207 BC Battle of Julu Chu Qin Dynasty
207 BC Battle of Mantinea Achaean League Sparta
206 BC 202 BC Chu-Han Contention Han Dynasty Western Chu
205 BC 200 BC Cretan War

Rhodes

Pergamon

Byzantium

Cyzicus

Athens

Knossos

Macedon

Hierapytna

Olous

Aetolia

Spartan pirates

Acarnania

202 BC 200 BC Fifth Syrian War

Seleucid Empire

Macedon

Ptolemaic Kingdom
201 BC 200 BC Xiongnu Invasion Xiongnu Han Dynasty
200 BC 197 BC Second Macedonian War

Roman Republic

Pergamon

Rhodes

Macedon
200 BC Battle of Cremona Roman Republic and allies Gauls
200 BC Battle of Baideng Xiongnu Han Dynasty
200 BC Battle of Panium Seleucid Empire Ptolemaic Kingdom
198 BC Battle of the Aous Roman Republic Kingdom of Macedonia
195 BC War against Nabis

Roman Republic

Acaean League

Macedon

Pergamum

Rhodes

Sparta

Doric Cretans

Argos

194 BC Battle of Placentia Roman Republic Boii
192 BC 188 BC Roman-Syrian War

Roman Republic

Achaean League

Macedon

Pergamon

Rhodes

Seleucid Empire

Aetolian League

Athamania

191 BC Battle of Thermopylae Roman Republic Seleucid Empire
190 BC Battle of the Eurymedon

Roman Republic

Rhodes

Seleucid Empire
190 BC Battle of Myonessus

Roman Republic

Rhodes

Seleucid Empire

Rhodians

190 BC Battle of Magnesia Roman Republic Seleucid Empire
189 BC Galatian War

Roman Republic

Pergamum

Galatians
181 BC 179 BC First Celtiberian War Roman Republic Celtiberian tribes
171 BC 168 BC Third Macedonian War

Roman Republic

Pergamon

Macedon
170 BC 168 BC Sixth Syrian War Seleucid Empire Ptolemaic Kingdom
168 BC

Third Illyrian War

part of Third Macedonian War

Roman Republic

Illyria

Macedon

167 BC 160 BC Revolt of the Maccabees Jewish nationalists Seleucid Empire

c.162 BC

or

c.161 BC

Battle of Vijihapura Army of Dutthagamani Army of Elara
155 BC 139 BC Lusitanian War Roman Republic Lusitanian tribes
154 BC 152 BC

Second Celtiberian War

Numantine War

Roman Republic Belli, Titti, Arevaci
150 BC 148 BC Fourth Macedonian War Roman Republic Macedon
149 BC 146 BC Third Punic War Roman Republic Carthage
146 BC Battle of Corinth Roman Republic Achaean League
145 BC Battle of Antioch Ptolemaic Kingdom Seleucid Empire
135 BC 132 BC First Servile War Roman Republic Slaves of Sicily
133 BC 89 AD Sino-Xiongnu War Han Dynasty Xiongnu
129 BC Battle of Ecbatana Parthian Empire Seleucid Empire
113 BC 101 BC Cimbrian War Roman Republic

Cimbri

Teutons

112 BC 105 BC Jugurthine War Roman Republic Numidia
109 BC 108 BC Gojoseon-Han War Han Dynasty Gojoseon Kingdom
104 BC 100 BC Second Servile War Roman Republic Slaves of Sicily
92 BC 628 AD Roman-Persian Wars

Roman Republic/Roman Empire/Byzantine Empire and allies

(indecisive)

Parthian Empire/Sassanid Empire and allies

(indecisive)

91 BC 88 BC Social War of 91-88 BC Roman Republic

Marsic Group

  • Marsi
  • Paeligni
  • Vestini
  • Marrucini
  • Picentes
  • Frentani

Samnite Group

  • Hirpini
  • Pompeii
  • Venusia
  • Iapygii
  • Lucania
  • Samnium
89 BC 85 BC First Mithridatic War

Roman Republic

Kingdom of Bithynia

Kingdom of Pontus

Greek rebels

88 BC Battle of the River Amnias Pontus Bithynia
88 BC Battle of Mount Scorobas Pontus Roman Republic
88 BC 87 BC Sulla's first civil war Sulla Marius
83 BC 81 BC Second Mithridatic War Kingdom of Pontus Roman Republic
83 BC 82 BC Sulla's second civil war Sulla Marius the Younger
80 BC 72 BC

Sertorian War

part of Roman Civil Wars

Sulla

Sertorius's Roman and Iberian forces

80 BC Battle of the Baetis River Sertorius' rebels Roman Republic
77 BC Lepidus' rebellion Catalus Lepidus
73 BC 63 BC Third Mithridatic War

Roman Republic

Kingdom of Bithynia

Kingdom of Pontus

Kingdom of Armenia

73 BC 71 BC Third Servile War Roman Republic Army of escaped slaves
67 BC Ponpey's campaign against Pirates Roman Republic Pirates
66 BC 217 AD Roman-Parthian Wars Roman Republic/Roman Empire and clients Parthian Empire and clients
65 BC Pompey's Georgian campaign Roman Republic

Kingdom of Pontus

Kingdom of Armenia

Kingdom of Iberia

Kingdom of Colchis

Kingdom of Albania

63 BC Siege of Jerusalem Roman Republic Hasmonean Dynasty
63 BC 30 BC Roman Civil War N/A N/A
63 BC 62 BC

Cataline Conspiracy

part of Roman Civil War

Senatorial forces Cataline forces
58 BC 51 BC Gallic Wars Roman Republic Several Gallic, Belgic, British and Aquitanian tribes as well as portions of Germanic and Iberian tribesmen
55 BC 54 BC Julius Caesar's Roman invasion of Britain

Roman Republic

Trinovantes

Britons
53 BC

Battle of Carrhae

part of Roman-Parthian Wars

Parthian Empire Roman Republic
52 BC Battle of Bovillae Milo Clodius
49 BC 45 BC

Caesar's Civil War

part of Roman Civil War

Julius Caesar and supporters

Pupulares

Roman Senate

Optimates

48 BC

or

47 BC

Siege of Alexandria Roman Republic Ptolemaic Kingdom
47 BC Battle of Zela Julius Caesar Kingdom of Pontus
47 BC Battle of the Nile Caesar's and Cleopatra's forces Ptolemeic forces
44 BC 36 BC Sicilian revolt Roman Republic Sextus Pompeius's forces
43 BC

Battle of Mutina

part of Roman Civil War

Roman Republic Mark Antony's forces
43 BC 42 BC

Liberator's civil war

part of Roman Civil War

Second Triumvirate administering Roman Republic

Liberatores

Ptolemaic Kingdom

Parthian Empire

43 BC Battle of Forum Gallorum Roman Republic Mark Antony's forces
41 BC 40 BC

Perusine War

part of Roman Civil War

Roman Republic Fulvia's and Lucius Antonius's forces
40 BC 37 BC Parthian invasion of Syria and Asia Minor ? ?
36 BC

Battle of Naulochus

part of Roman Civil War

Octavian Pompeians
36 BC 33 BC Marc Anthony's invasion of the Parthian Empire ? ?
32 BC 30 BC Antony's civil war Roman Republic (supporters of Octavian)

Ptolemaic Kingdom

supporters of Mark Antony

29 BC 19 BC Cantabrian Wars Roman Empire Cantabri, Astures
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